Topiramate is used alone or with other medications to stop and control seizures (epilepsy). This medication can be used to prevent headaches that are migraine decrease how often you get them. Topiramate will not treat a migraine headache once it occurs. If you get a migraine headache, treat it as directed by your doctor (such as by taking pain medication, lying down in a dark room).
Topiramate is called an anticonvulsant or drug that is antiepileptic.
Read the Medication Guide and, if available, the Patient Information Leaflet given by your pharmacist you get a refill before you start taking topiramate and each time. If you have any relevant questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually twice daily. Swallow the tablets whole since breaking them may leave a taste that is bitter. To prevent kidney stones from forming, drink plenty of liquids while taking this medication unless your doctor instructs you otherwise.
Dosage is situated on your medical condition and response to treatment. For children, the dosage is also based on weight. Your doctor will increase your dose gradually to lessen your threat of side effects. For a few conditions, you may begin treatment with topiramate once daily at bedtime and slowly increase your dosage to twice a day. It could take several weeks or months to reach the best dose for you and also to get the full benefit from this medication.
Take this medicine frequently to get the benefit that is most from it. To help you remember, take it at the same times each day. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor. Some conditions may become worse when this drug is suddenly stopped. Your dose may gradually need to be decreased.
Inform your doctor if your condition persists or if it worsens.
Tiredness, drowsiness, dizziness, loss of coordination, tingling of the hands/feet, loss of appetite, bad taste in your mouth, diarrhoea, and dieting may occur. Mental problems such as confusion, slowed thinking, trouble focusing or paying attention, nervousness, memory problems, or speech/language problems may also occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your pharmacist or doctor promptly.
Remember that your particular medical practitioner has prescribed this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have adverse that is serious.
Tell your physician right away if any of these unlikely but serious unwanted effects occur: signs of kidney stones (such as for instance severe back/side/abdominal/groin pain, fever, chills, painful/frequent urination, bloody/pink urine).
a small number of people who just take anticonvulsants for almost any condition (such as seizures, bipolar disorder, discomfort) may experience depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, or other mental/mood issues. Tell your doctor immediately if you or your family/caregiver notice any changes that are unusual/sudden your mood, thoughts, or behavior including signs of depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, ideas about harming yourself.
Tell your doctor straight away if any of these rare but serious side-effects happen: fast breathing, fast/slow/irregular heartbeat, bone pain, broken bones, loss of awareness, uncommon bleeding/bruising.
Hardly ever, topiramate could potentially cause an extremely serious eye problem, generally within 1 month of starting treatment. If untreated, this eye problem can lead to blindness that is permanent. Consequently, get medical help right away if any one of these adverse impacts occur: sudden vision changes (such as decreased vision, blurred eyesight), eye pain/redness.
This medication can rarely cause a critical metabolic problem (high amount of ammonia in the blood), particularly if you are also taking acid that is valproic. Tell your doctor right away if you experience sudden/unexplained tiredness, vomiting, or changes that are mentalsuch as decreased alertness).
A very serious reaction that is allergic this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away in the event that you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic effect, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible adverse effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
In america -
Call your medical practitioner for medical advice about side-effects. You might report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your doctor for medical advice about part effects. You may report adverse effects to wellness Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking topiramate, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergy symptoms or other problems. Speak to your pharmacist for more information.
A certain metabolic imbalance (metabolic acidosis), long-term diarrhea, a diet high in fat and low in carbohydrates (ketogenic diet), brittle bones (osteoporosis) before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: a certain eye problem (narrow angle glaucoma), kidney problems (such as kidney stones), liver problems, mental/mood problems (such as depression, thoughts of suicide), lung/breathing problems.
This drug might make you dizzy or drowsy or impair your judgment. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid beverages that are alcoholic.
This medicine might make you sweat less, making you more likely to get heat stroke. Avoid doing things that may cause you to overheat, such as hard work or exercise in hot weather, or using tubs that are hot. When the climate is hot, drink a complete lot of fluids and dress lightly. If you overheat, quickly look for a accepted place to cool off and rest. Get medical help right away when you yourself have a fever that does not disappear, mental/mood changes, hassle, or dizziness.
Before having surgery, tell your physician or dentist about all of the services and products you use (including prescribed drugs, nonprescription drugs, and organic products).
Children may be more painful and sensitive to the relative side effects of this drug, especially weakened bones, slowed growth rate, and decreased sweating. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for lots more details.
Older adults may become more responsive to the relative side-effects of this medication, especially dizziness. Dizziness can increase the risk of falling.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used just whenever demonstrably required. It might harm an baby that is unborn. Discuss the use of reliable forms of birth control with your doctor (see also Drug Interactions section). You may be pregnant, immediately talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of using this medication during pregnancy if you are planning pregnancy, become pregnant, or think. If you're taking this medication to deal with seizures, note that untreated seizures are a serious condition that can damage both a pregnant woman and her unborn baby, so do not stop using this medication unless directed by your medical professional.
This medication passes into breast milk and may have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
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