This medicine can be used to prevent those who have been addicted to certain drugs (opiates) from taking them again. It is used as part of a complete treatment program for substance abuse (e.g., compliance monitoring, counseling, behavioral contract, changes in lifestyle). This medication must not be properly used in individuals currently taking opiates, including methadone. Doing so causes sudden withdrawal symptoms.
Naltrexone belongs to a class of drugs referred to as opiate antagonists. It works into the brain to prevent opiate effects (e.g., feelings of well-being, pain relief). Additionally decreases the desire to take opiates.
This medication normally used to treat alcohol abuse. It can help people drink less alcohol or altogether stop drinking. It decreases the desire to drink liquor when used with remedy program that includes guidance, support, and lifestyle changes.
Take this medication by mouth with or without food, usually 50 milligrams once daily or as directed by the doctor. This medicine may be given as component of a scheduled program where a health care professional will watch you take the medication. In this case, your doctor may order a higher dose (100-150 milligrams) to be taken every 2-3 days to make it easier to schedule clinic visits. Naltrexone may be taken with meals or antacids if stomach upset occurs.
A urine test should really be done to test for current drug use that is opiate. Your doctor might give you another medicine (naloxone challenge test) to check for opiate usage. Don't use any opiates for at least 7 days prior to starting naltrexone. You may have to stop certain drugs that are opiateparticularly methadone) 10 to 14 days before starting naltrexone.
Dosage is dependant on your condition that is medical and to treatment. Your doctor may start you at a lower dose and monitor you for any relative side effects or withdrawal symptoms before increasing your dose. Take this medication as directed. Never increase your dose, often take it more, or stop taking it without your doctor's approval.
Use this medication regularly to obtain the benefit that is most from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day.
Tell your doctor if you begin utilizing drugs or alcohol once more.
Nausea, headache, dizziness, anxiety, tiredness, and sleep problems may occur. In a small number of people, mild opiate withdrawal symptoms may occur, including abdominal cramps, restlessness, bone/joint pain, muscle aches, and nose that is runny. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your pharmacist or doctor quickly.
Keep in mind that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have side that is serious.
Sudden opiate withdrawal symptoms can happen within minutes after taking naltrexone. Tell your physician right away if any of these withdrawal symptoms occur: abdominal cramps, nausea/vomiting, diarrhea, joint/bone/muscle aches, mental/mood changes (e.g., anxiety, confusion, extreme sleepiness, visual hallucinations), runny nose.
Naltrexone has rarely caused liver disease that is serious. The risk is increased when larger doses are utilized. Discuss the risks and advantages with your doctor. Stop by using this medication and tell your doctor right away if you develop symptoms of liver disease, including: persistent nausea/vomiting, serious stomach/abdominal pain, dark urine, yellowing eyes/skin.
An extremely serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic attack, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble respiration.
It is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Phone your medical professional for medical advice about negative effects. You could report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your physician for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking naltrexone, tell your doctor or pharmacist in the event that you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, that may cause allergies or other dilemmas. Confer with your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: current or recent use (into the last 7 to 14 days) of any kind of opioid drug (such as morphine, methadone, buprenorphine), kidney disease, liver disease.
You should carry or wear medical identification stating which you are using this drug so that appropriate treatment are given in a medical emergency.
This drug might make you dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
After stopping naltrexone treatment, you may be more sensitive to lower doses of opioids, upping your danger of possibly life-threatening side effects from the narcotic (e.g., decreased respiration, loss of consciousness).
This medication blocks the consequences of opiate drugs (including heroin) and comparable drugs (opioids). However, big doses of heroin or narcotics can overcome this block. Wanting to overcome this block is extremely dangerous and may cause injury that is serious loss of consciousness, and death. Ensure you entirely understand and accept the risks and advantages of using this medication. Follow your medical professional's instructions closely.
Before having surgery or any treatment that is medical tell your medical professional or dental practitioner that you are taking this medication.
During pregnancy, this medication must be used just whenever clearly needed. Discuss the potential risks and benefits together with your doctor.
It isn't known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Consult with your doctor before breast-feeding.
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