See also Warning section.
Promethazine is used to prevent and treat sickness and vomiting associated to conditions that are certainsuch as before/after surgery, motion sickness). It is also used to treat allergy symptoms such as rash, itching, and nose that is runny. It might be used to assist you feel sleepy/relaxed before and after surgery or to help certain narcotic pain relievers (such as meperidine) work better. It may also be used for a short time to treat a runny nose due to the cold that is common.
Promethazine is an antihistamine and works by blocking a certain natural substance (histamine) that the human body makes during an allergic reaction. Its other effects (such as anti-nausea, calming, pain relief) may work by affecting other substances that are naturalsuch as for instance acetylcholine) and by acting entirely on certain areas of the mind.
Cough-and-cold items haven't been shown to be safe or effective in children younger than 6 years. Therefore, do not use this product to treat symptoms that are cold children more youthful than 6 years unless specifically directed by the doctor. Some items (such as long-acting tablets/capsules) are maybe not recommended for use in children younger than 12 years. Pose a question to your pharmacist or doctor for more details about using your product safely.
These products do not cure or shorten the size regarding the cold that is common may cause serious adverse effects. To decrease the risk for serious adverse effects, follow all dosage carefully instructions. Don't provide other cough-and-cold medication that might contain the same or similar ingredients (see also Drug Interactions section). Ask the doctor or pharmacist about other ways to relieve cough and cold symptoms (such as drinking fluids that are enough making use of a humidifier or saline nose drops/spray).
Read the Patient Suggestions Leaflet if available from your own pharmacist before you start taking promethazine and each time you get a refill. If you have any relevant questions, ask your physician or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth with or without meals as directed by your doctor, frequently 2 to 4 times daily. The first dose of promethazine should be taken 30 to 60 minutes before beginning travel for motion sickness. For allergies, this medication may be taken once daily at bedtime to avoid drowsy that is being the day. When used before surgery, promethazine may be taken the night before or just before the procedure and may be continued afterwards as directed.
If you're using the liquid form of this medication, very carefully gauge the dosage utilizing a measuring device/spoon that is special. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose.
The dosage is situated on your age, medical condition, and response to treatment. In children, the dosage are often based on weight. Do not increase your dose and take this medication more often than directed.
Tell your doctor if your trouble does not improve or if it worsens.
Drowsiness, dizziness, constipation, blurred vision, or mouth that is dry occur. If some of these results persist or aggravate, tell your medical professional.
To alleviate dry mouth, suck (sugarless) difficult candy or ice chips, chew (sugarless) gum, drink water, or use a saliva substitute.
Remember that your medical practitioner has recommended this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have adverse that is serious.
Tell your doctor immediately if you have any serious adverse effects, including: fainting, slow heartbeat, mental/mood changes (such as hallucinations, nervousness, irritability, restlessness, confusion), unusual/uncontrolled movements (such as fixed upward stare, neck twisting, tongue motions), shaking (tremor), difficulty urinating, easy bleeding/bruising, signs of infection (such as fever, persistent sore neck), severe stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes/skin.
Get medical help right away if you have any very serious side results, including: slow/shallow breathing, seizures.
This medication may rarely cause a very serious condition called neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). Get medical help right away if you've got some of the following symptoms: fever, muscle stiffness/pain/tenderness/weakness, severe tiredness, severe confusion, sweating, fast/irregular heartbeat, dark urine, improvement in the amount of urine.
A tremendously serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a significant allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), serious dizziness, trouble breathing.
This might be not a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the usa -
Phone your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side impacts. You may report adverse effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
See also Warning section.
Before taking promethazine, tell your doctor or pharmacist in the event that you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or to any other phenothiazines (such as prochlorperazine); or. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which could cause sensitive responses or other problems. Speak with your pharmacist to get more details.
Before applying this medication, tell your medical professional or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD, anti snoring), blood/immune system problems (such as bone marrow depression), high pressure into the attention (glaucoma), cardiovascular disease (such as irregular heartbeat), high blood pressure, liver disease, specific brain disorders (such as neuroleptic malignant problem, Reye's syndrome, seizures), stomach/intestine problems (such as for example blockage, ulcer), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), difficulty urinating (for example, due to enlarged prostate).
This drug may allow you to be dizzy or drowsy or cause vision that is blurred. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid beverages that are alcoholic.
Before having surgery, tell your physician or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription medications, and herbal products).
Promethazine may make you more sensitive to the sun. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths, and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear clothing that is protective outside.
This medication might make you sweat less, making you more likely to get heat stroke. Avoid doing things that may cause you to overheat, such as hard work or exercise in hot weather, or using hot tubs. When the weather is hot, take in a complete lot of fluids and dress lightly. If you overheat, quickly look for a accepted place to cool down and sleep. Get medical help right away if you have a fever that does not disappear, mental/mood changes, frustration, or dizziness.
Liquid products may include sugar and/or liquor. Caution is preferred if you have diabetes, liver disease, or any other condition that requires you to limit/avoid these substances in your diet. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about making use of this product properly.
Children may be much more sensitive to the medial side effects of this drug, especially slowed respiration (see Warning section). This drug can cause excitement in often young children instead of drowsiness. Special care should be taken when using this medication in children who have lost a complete lot of fluid (dehydration), those who have a family reputation for sudden infant death problem (SIDS), and those people who are difficult to wake up from sleep.
Older grownups may be more sensitive to the relative part effects of this drug, especially drowsiness, confusion, constipation, or difficulty urinating. Drowsiness and confusion can increase the risk of falling.
During pregnancy, this medicine is used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your physician.
Its unknown if promethazine passes into breast milk. It could have effects that are undesirable a nursing baby. Consult with your doctor before breast-feeding.
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