Phenytoin can be used to prevent and get a grip on seizures (also called an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic medication). It really works by reducing the spread of seizure activity in the brain.
OTHER USES: This part contains uses of this drug being not detailed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but that may be prescribed by the wellness care professional. Make use of this medication for an ailment that is listed in this section only if it was so prescribed by your health care expert.
This drug may also be used to treat certain types of irregular heartbeats.
Read the Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist you get a refill before you start taking phenytoin and each time. If you have any relevant concerns, pose a question to your doctor or pharmacist.
Simply take this medication by mouth often once a or in divided doses as directed by your doctor day. You may take it with food if stomach upset occurs. Take this medicine with a glass that is full8 ounces or 240 milliliters) of water unless your doctor directs you otherwise.
Swallow the capsules whole. Do not use the capsules if discolored.
Use this medication regularly in order to have the benefit that is most from it. It is important to take all doses on time to keep the amount of medicine in your body at a constant level. Remember to utilize it at the time( that is same) each day. Dosage is based on your condition that is medical and to therapy.
Products containing calcium (age.g., antacids, calcium supplements) and nutritional tube-feeding (enteral) products may decrease the absorption of phenytoin. Do not take these products at the same time as your phenytoin dose. Separate fluid products that are nutritional least 1 hour before and 1 hour after your phenytoin dose, or as directed by your physician.
Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your physician. Seizures may become worse when the drug is instantly stopped. Your dose may gradually need to be reduced.
Inform your doctor if your condition doesn't enhance or worsens.
Headache, sickness, vomiting, constipation, dizziness, sense of spinning, drowsiness, trouble resting, or nervousness may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your pharmacist or doctor immediately.
Phenytoin might cause swelling and bleeding associated with the gums. Massage your gums and brush and floss your teeth frequently to minimize this issue. See your dentist regularly.
Remember your doctor has prescribed this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have side that is serious.
Tell your doctor immediately if any one of these unlikely but side that is serious occur: unusual attention movements, loss in coordination, slurred message, confusion, muscle twitching, double or blurred vision, tingling of the hands/feet, facial changes (e.g., bloated lips, butterfly-shaped rash around the nose/cheeks), excessive hair growth, increased thirst or urination, unusual tiredness, bone or joint, easily broken bones.
A small amount of those who simply take anticonvulsants for any condition (such as for instance seizure, bipolar disorder, pain) may experience depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, or other mental/mood issues. Tell your physician appropriate away if you or your family/caregiver notice any changes that are unusual/sudden your mood, ideas, or behavior including indications of depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, thoughts about harming your self.
For males, in the extremely unlikely event you have an unpleasant or extended erection lasting 4 or more hours, stop applying this drug and seek immediate medical attention, or permanent problems could occur.
Get medical help immediately if some of these rare but very serious adverse results occur: uncontrolled muscle movements, muscle weakness/pain, distended glands (lymph nodes), stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes or skin, dark urine, easy bruising/bleeding, indications of infection (e.g., persistent sore throat or fever), chest pain, difficulty breathing, irregular heartbeat.
a serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious reaction that is allergic: rash, high fever, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble respiration.
This isn't a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Call your medical professional for medical advice about unwanted effects. You may report effects that are side Food And Drug Administration at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your medical professional for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking phenytoin, tell your medical professional or pharmacist if you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or to other anti-seizure medications (e.g., carbamazepine, ethotoin, phenobarbital, ethosuximide, trimethadione); or. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other issues. Speak to your pharmacist for more details.
Before making use of this medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: alcohol use, certain bloodstream conditions (porphyria), diabetes, liver condition, lupus, folate or supplement B-12 deficiency (megaloblastic anemia).
This drug might make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Limit beverages that are alcoholic. Alcohol might additionally affect your blood quantities of this drug.
Inform your medical professional you are using phenytoin prior to surgery or any procedure that produces you unable to go by mouth.
If you have diabetes, this drug may increase your blood sugar levels. Check your blood (or urine) glucose level frequently, as directed by your doctor. Promptly report any results that are abnormal directed. Your medicine, fitness program, or diet may need certainly to be adjusted.
Vitamin D supplements might be necessary to avoid weakening of the bones (osteomalacia). Discuss this with your doctor.
During pregnancy, this medication must be used only when demonstrably needed. It would likely harm an baby that is unborn. However, since untreated seizures are a serious condition that can harm both a pregnant woman and her unborn baby, do perhaps not stop taking this medication unless directed by the doctor. You may be pregnant, immediately talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of using this medication during pregnancy if you are planning pregnancy, become pregnant, or think. Since birth control pills, patches, implants, and injections may not work if taken with this specific medication (see also Drug Interactions section), discuss reliable forms of birth control together with your medical practitioner.
Phenytoin passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
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Airmail: 2-3 business weeks, EMS: 3-8 business days.
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