Acetazolamide is used to prevent and minimize the symptoms of altitude sickness. This medication can decrease headache, tiredness, nausea, dizziness, and shortness of breath that will occur when you rise quickly to high altitudes (generally above 10,000 feet/3,048 meters). It is particularly useful in situations when you cannot make a slow ascent. The best ways to prevent altitude illness are climbing slowly, stopping for 24 hours during the climb to allow your body to fully adjust to the height that is new and taking it effortless the first 1 or 2 days.
This drug is additionally used along with other medications to deal with a particular kind of eye problem (open-angle glaucoma). Acetazolamide is a "water pill" (diuretic). It decreases the amount of fluid that can build-up in the eye. It is also utilized to decrease a buildup of body fluids (edema) caused by congestive heart failure or certain medications. Acetazolamide can work less well over time, so it is usually used only for a short period.
It has additionally been used in combination with other medications to treat specific types of seizures (petit mal and unlocalized seizures).
OTHER USES: This area contains uses of this medication that are not listed in the approved labeling that is professional the drug but that may be prescribed by your wellbeing care professional. Make use of this drug for a condition that is placed in this section only if it is often therefore prescribed by the health care professional.
Acetazolamide can also be used to take care of periodic paralysis.
If you are taking the tablets, take this medication by mouth, usually 1 to 4 times daily or as directed by your doctor. If you are taking the capsules that are long-acting take this medication by mouth, usually 1 or 2 times daily or as directed by your physician. Swallow the capsules that are long-acting. Do not open, break, or chew the capsules. Doing so can destroy the action that is long of drug and could increase negative effects.
Acetazolamide might be taken with or without food. Drink plenty of fluids unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Your dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy.
To prevent altitude sickness, start taking acetazolamide 1 to 2 days before you start to climb. Continue taking it after you have reached your final altitude while you are climbing and for at least 48 hours. You may have to continue taking this medication while staying in the altitude that is high control your symptoms. If you develop severe altitude sickness, it is important that you climb down as quickly as possible. Acetazolamide will not protect you from the severe effects of severe altitude vomiting. (See also Precautions.)
If you are using this drug for another condition (e.g., glaucoma, seizures), use this medicine regularly as directed to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the time( that is same) each day. Using your last dose in the early evening will help prevent you from having to get up in the middle of the night to urinate. Consult your doctor or pharmacist when you have concerns about your dosing schedule.
Do not increase or decrease your dose or stop using this medication without first consulting your doctor. Some conditions may become worse when this drug is unexpectedly stopped. Your dose may need to be gradually decreased.
Whenever used for an extended period, this medication may not work aswell and may require different dosing. Your doctor shall be monitoring your condition. Tell your doctor if your problem will not improve or if it worsens (e.g., more frequent seizures).
This drug may reduce the potassium levels in your blood. Your doctor may recommend while you are taking this medication that you eat foods rich in potassium (e.g., bananas or orange juice. Your physician may prescribe a potassium also supplement for you to simply take during treatment. Consult your doctor to get more information.
Dizziness, lightheadedness, and an increased amount of urine may occur, particularly throughout the very first few days as your body adjusts to the medication. Blurred vision, dry mouth, drowsiness, loss of appetite, stomach upset, headache and tiredness may also occur. If any of these symptoms persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have adverse that is serious.
Tell your doctor right away if some of these very unlikely but serious unwanted effects happen: increased human anatomy hair, hearing loss, ringing in the ears, uncommon tiredness, persistent nausea/vomiting, severe pain that is stomach/abdominal.
Look for immediate attention that is medical some of these unlikely but very serious adverse effects occur: effortless bleeding/bruising, fast/irregular heartbeat, indications of illness (e.g., fever, persistent sore neck), mental/mood changes (age.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), severe muscle cramps/pain, tingling of the hands/feet, blood into the urine, dark urine, painful urination, yellowing of the eyes/skin.
a really serious reaction that is allergic this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction may add: blisters/sores in the mouth, rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This really is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the usa -
Call your medical professional for medical advice about negative effects. You may report side effects to Food And Drug Administration at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to wellness Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before using acetazolamide, tell your physician or pharmacist if you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which could cause allergies or other problems. Speak to your pharmacist for lots more details.
This medication should not be used if you have specific medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have actually: adrenal gland problems (e.g., Addison's disease), low blood quantities of salt or potassium, severe kidney illness, severe liver disease (e.g., cirrhosis), certain metabolic problems (age.g., hyperchloremic acidosis).
Before using this medicine, inform your physician or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (e.g., emphysema, chronic bronchitis), high levels of calcium, dehydration, diabetes mellitus, gout, narrow-angle glaucoma, overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).
While this medicine will allow you to become accustomed to high altitudes and help you tolerate quick climbs, it cannot completely avoid serious altitude sickness. Signs and symptoms of severe altitude sickness may consist of: severe shortness of breath, mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), lack of coordination/staggering walk, extreme tiredness, serious headache.
That you descend to a lower altitude as quickly as possible to prevent serious, possibly fatal problems if you develop any of these symptoms, it is very important.
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or cause blurred vision. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Limit beverages that are alcoholic.
To minimize dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly whenever increasing from a seated or position that is lying.
This drug may rarely make your blood sugar levels rise, causing or diabetes that are worsening. Inform your doctor appropriate away if you develop symptoms of high blood sugar such as increased thirst or tiredness.
If you already have diabetic issues, be sure to check your blood sugar levels regularly. This medicine may cause your blood also sugar levels to fall. Symptoms of low blood sugar include fast/pounding heartbeat, shakiness, sweating and hunger. It really is good habit to carry sugar tablets or gel to treat blood sugar that is low. If you are in a situation where you don't have these reliable forms of glucose, eat a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink a glass of orange juice or non-diet soda to quickly raise your blood sugar level. Inform your doctor right away about the effect.
This medicine might make you more sensitive to the sun. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear clothing that is protective outdoors.
This medication really should not be utilized in children less than 12 because it may influence normal growth.
This medication must certanly be used with caution within the elderly because they may be much more sensitive to its side-effects, especially low potassium or sodium levels.
This medication must be used during pregnancy only if plainly required. Discuss the risks and benefits with your physician.
This medicine passes into breast milk but is unlikely to harm a nursing infant. Consult your medical practitioner before breast-feeding.
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